An aggregator or broker of advertising inventory for many sites. Ad networks are the sales representatives for the websites within the network.
Video advertisement with programming logic that enables user interactivity, interaction with the video content play, or other advanced features.
The width-to-height ratio of a picture or video frame. Modulates displays ads in a 4:3 aspect ratio.
The function of a video player that starts playing a video automatically without the user needing to click any buttons.
Refers to the amount of time the video ad was played by users.
The average number of bits that one second of video or audio data will consume.
A pricing model that allows advertisers to be charged by their publishers only when an agreed upon action is taken by a user such as a sale or registration. Also known as CPI (Cost per Interaction)
A pricing model that allows advertiser to pay a specific amount per user click. Can back into an average eCPM higher than typical CPMs if publisher performance is high.
A pricing model that allows advertisers to pay a specific amount per 1,000 user views / impressions.
A band of similar content; within the Modulates network, publishers can set up a channel for different sites, sections, demographics, geographics, etc.
A request that is initiated by the user's web browser. It allows a page to have different and changing content depending on user input, environmental conditions (such as the time of day), or other variables.
Modulates supports the use of a 300×250 companion which runs alongside the video player via a video gallery.
Ratio of visitors who convert casual content views or website visits into desired actions based on subtle or direct requests from marketers, advertisers, and content creators.
A small piece of information (i.e. program code) that is stored on a browser for the purpose of identifying that browser during audience activity and between visits or sessions.
When Modulates answers a publisher's call or 'ad query' with a video advertisement that matches the publisher's predetermined parameters.
Player or user defined points in the playback of a video that will trigger a specified event to occur. In online video, this could be for tracking view rate (25%, 50%, 75%, 100%).
A measurement of the effectiveness of a publisher's inventory being sold. eCPM is measured by dividing total earnings by total number of impressions in thousands.
A fully stand-alone video content player that has embedable code that can then be placed on other websites / pages.
Used for video view tracking, click tracking, or other interactions with the video ad.
Flash Video is a file format used to deliver video over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player.
An Adobe product that is commonly used to create animation, online advertising, web components, and video functionality for websites.
HTML5 is a W3C specification that defines the fifth major revision of the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). One of the major changes inHTML5 is in respect to how HTML addresses Web applications. Other new features in HTML5 include specific functions for embedding graphics, audio, video, and interactive documents.
IAB is a non-profit trade association devoted exclusively to maximizing the use and effectiveness of interactive advertising and marketing.
Responses from a web server to a page request from the user browser that are recorded by Modulates on the first frame of video ad playback.
A video ad built to run in a typical display ad environment. The audio is always user-initiated and the ad will fit inside of the typical IAB banner sizes
A video ad built to run with the content on the page, such as video content or online games. A typical example is a pre-roll video that runs on a video player before the video content of the publisher plays. Audio is always auto, similar to a typical television commercial environment.
VAST document that includes all the elements necesary to display the visual experience of the ad.
The number of ad space available for sale on a website.
The ad is presented before, in the middle of, or after the video content is consumed by the user, in very much the same way a TV commercial can play before, during or after the chosen program.
Movie or video clip that uses MPEG-4 compression, a standard developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG); commonly used for sharing video files on the Internet.
The ad runs concurrently with the video content so the users see the ad while viewing the content. Non-linear video ads can be delivered as text, graphical ads, or as video overlays.
An advertising model in which advertisers pay based on a set of agreed upon performance criteria, such as a percentage of online revenues or delivery of new sales leads.
A Linear Video ad spot that appears after the video content completes
A Linear Video ad spot that appears before the video content plays.
First ad serving system called by the Video Player or other framework. It is assumed that in most cases a publisher will make all initial ad requests through their Primary Ad Server (whether homegrown or third party), then redirect to other ad servers as needed.
A site or a group of sites in the Modulates marketplace under one account.
Unique users that visited the site over the course of the reporting period, or the total number of unique users who will be served a given ad.
A form of campaign targeting, when an advertiser creates a channel comprised of selected publishers.
The scheduling of Internet advertising whereby an ad network positions ads across the sites it represents at its own discretion, according to available inventory. The advertiser usually forgoes premium positioning in exchange for more advertising weight at a lower CPM.
An Adobe file format intended to be small enough for publication on the web, SWF files usually contain animation.
Ad server used by an ad network or by the buyer of ads to serve creative, track results and optimize creatives.
A request that is verified by running a script directly on the publisher's server. The primary advantage to server-side scripting is the ability to highly customize the response based on the user's requirements, access rights, or queries into data stores. From a security point of view, server-side scripts are never visible to the browser as these scripts are executed on the server and emit HTML corresponding to user's input to the page.
XML document format describing an ad to be displayed in, over, or around a Video Player or a Wrapper pointing to a downstream VAST document to be requested.
Environment in which in-stream video content is played. The Video Player may be built by the publisher or provided by a vendor.
A document designed to standardize the communication between video players and in-stream video advertising.
VAST document that points to another VAST document from a different server.
The capacity of the transmission medium stated in bits per second or as a frequency. The bandwidth of optical fiber is in the gigabit or billion bits per second range, while ethernet coaxial cable is in the megabit or million bits per second range.
Video player that has embedded in it so that clicking on it initiates some kind of action or result. On a web page, a clickable video is any image that has a URL embedded in it.
Also called a compressor, a compression / decompression software component which translates video between its uncompressed form and the compressed form in which it is stored on media.
User generated Content
Supply Side platform
Demand Side Platform
Click Through Rates
Content Delivery Network